Researchers from the University of Twente’s IMPACT institute are developing a method for converting biomass into oil as efficiently and cheaply as possible. Such oil could then be used as a raw material for existing refineries, in the production of transport fuels. This process involves the use of second generation biomass – oil from forestry and agricultural waste. Sascha Kersten anticipates that many cars, and certainly trucks, will be running on such biofuels by 2020.
Our transport systems are still largely dependent on fossil fuels. The depletion of fossil fuels, however, coupled with traffic growth, has led researchers to seek new sources. The European BIOCOUP project involves universities and companies from a number of European countries. The aim of this joint venture is to convert biomass into oil that can be used in existing refineries.